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/panning-Panning – Using a slow shutter speed and tracking the movement of the subject with the camera lens. If done successfully, the background will have motion blur while the subject appears to be in clear focus.

Parallax Error – An instance where the camera lens and viewfinder do not see the exact same frame, causing the photographer to compensate for the offset. Close-up photography suffers heavily from the parallax error as it makes it difficult to compensate and focus correctly. Problematic for viewfinder cameras or twin-lens reflex cameras.

Processing – Producing the image on exposed film or photographic paper with proper chemicals to develop it.